There is currently an online petition calling for the UK's government to reject the outcome of the EU referendum since the turn out was less than 75% and the winning margin for Leave was less than 4%. It is possible to download the data as a .json file. Part of the process of signing the petition involves indicating where you reside. The vast majority gave their residence as different parts of the UK. But some gave their location as outside the UK. The following is the top ten locations, the code used to get this data is available on my CodeBlog.
Note that the data was downloaded on June 26 in the morning (GMT).
The data used is the same as in the previous post. This time I'm looking specifically at parents giving their children Irish names. To begin I need to define what I mean by Irish names. I am looking for names that derive specifically from Irish culture, mythology and the Irish language. Names like John or Emma may be popular in Ireland but they are not Irish names. I did not include the names Padraig (Patrick), Sean (John) or Seamus (James) as these names are gallicised versions of non-Irish names. I used a list of the top 100 baby names in Ireland for 2014 and extracted Irish names from that list. The names are:
Aoife, Caoimhe, Saoirse, Ciara, Niamh, Roisin, Clodagh
Conor, Rian (Ryan), Oisin, Cian, Darragh, Cillian, Fionn, Finn, Eoin, Aidan, Declan
Occurrence of the names in 1880:
There were no occurrences of any of the names in 1880.
By 1920 the name Ryan appears (this is an Anglicised version of Rian so is not strictly Irish).
By 1950 the Irish version Rian has appeared, but still no other names.
By 1975 the names Ciara and Conor and Aidan had appeared.
By 1980 the list had grown to include, Cian, Finn, Eoin, Declan, Niamh and Roisin
By 1990 the name Darragh appeared. So by 1990 most of the male names in my list had appeared. Oisin and Fionn were still missing. About 60% of the female names had also appeared.
All of the remaining names had appeared by 2010.
So all these Irish names can now be found in the US although they are not common. Most of them appeared between the late 1970s and the mid 1990s.
Given that these names can be difficult for English speakers to pronounce I am a little surprised that they all appear in the US lists.
To see the code used please see the code blog.
This analysis is inspired by the book 'Python for Data Analysis' (O'Reilly) by Wes McKinney and this blog post.
There are two prominent changes in the distribution of characters for boys names in the US. The following thumb nails show the changes:
The first change started to appear in the 1960s. Before the 1960s the letters l, o and n were approximately evenly distributed. However after the 1960s the letter n becomes increasingly popular. This trend continues to the present time as the graph for 2015 shows:
The second change is more recent - starting in the late 1980s/early1990s. This time it involves the vowels a and e. Before the 1980s the letter e was more common than the letter a. That has now flipped as the graph above for 2015 shows, also the graph below for 1990:
This change in popularity for the letters a and e is not limited to male names, the same trend occurred for female names:
In the above thumbnails the two spikes on the left of each graph represent the letters a and e. Note that the letter n also became more popular for girls. Compare the two graphs below, the first is for 1880 and the second is for 1990:
However this trend for the letter n seems to be declining in more recent times, the graph below is for 2015:
While n is still ahead of l the difference is decreasing.
One further interesting comparison is the letter y which appears to be more popular in female names.
Data was collected at the end of May, beginning of June 2016.
I divided the available properties into 5 groups. In Glengormley 43% of available properties were in the Semi-detached house category. So there is slightly less choice of property available in Glengormley. In Carrickfergus the properties were more evenly distributed between the 5 groups.
I used the average number of bedrooms as an approximate indicator of propety size. With the exception of Bungalows the averages in Carrick are either equal to or slightly higher than in Glengormley. But differences are not very significant.
With the exception of Houses, properties in Carrick are slightly cheaper than in Glengormley.
The level of rates for properties seems to depend on whether the property is detached or not. Houses and bungalows have higher rates than apartments, semi-detached houses and terraced houses.
Comparison of property types available in the two areas:
I reduced the number of types by grouping the property types. I did this because some of the smaller catagories
had only one or two properties - not representative samples. So:
bungalow includes bungalow, semi-detatched bungalow and chalet
terrace house includes terrace house, town house and end terrace house
Distribution of properties available in the two areas:
Bungalow 16 13% 30 16%
Apartment 11 9% 18 10%
Terrace House 16 13% 37 20%
Semi-Detached house 53 43% 41 22%
House 26 21% 62 33%
total 122 188
Average number of bedrooms per property type:
Apartment 1.9 1.9
Bungalow 3.4 3.1
House 3.8 4.0
Semi-detached house 3.0 3.1
Terrace house 3.0 3.0
Average price per type:
Apartment 92227 87714
Bungalow 153709 142125
House 192498 213521
Semi-Detached house 117517 108414
Terrace House 95247 85177
Average rates per type
Apartment 778 810
Bungalow 1035 907
House 1205 1274
Semi-Detached house 773 751
Terrace House 697 614